Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita e dell'Ambiente - Guida degli insegnamenti (Syllabus)
taken the exam of Environmental Technical Physic
The course is developed through series of lectures, divided into blocks on specific topics and at the end of each phase of exercises designed to introduce students to the written test exam. As part of the course students can access the course materials in electronic form on the university website consists of: as pdf files on the slides shown during the lectures, the file in pdf related to numerical exercises carried out in previous academic years and the current one, the pdf's related to the tests of previous years and the work already undertaken in the current academic session, the results of the examinations.
Renewable energy is becoming one of the fastest growing industries in the face of the current environmental crisis, resulting from dependence on fossil fuels and unprecedented global rate of development. To the end of the instruction the student will have to know the functioning of all types of renewable energies technologies. The Renewable Energy Program gives the student a solid foundation in the fundamental design, installation techniques required to work with renewable technologies.
Ability to apply the knowledge
The student will also acquire the following professional skills: ability to make simple energy analysis, for example, the fuel used to cool the buildings on the territory in order to make strategies for the reduction of energy consumption and sending in the gas atmosphere greenhouse. Do anyway energy issue advice to the decision-maker with the aim of producing strategies to pursue environmental sustainability, reduce the consumption of fossil fuels and reduce the phenomenon of climate change.
The exercises, performed by students in a collaborative way, but also independently, allow to learn, as well as the examination procedures also wrote the cooperation mechanisms in the development of energy strategies for environmental sustainability. These practices allow to acquire independent judgment, ability to learn and draw conclusions independently, but also to develop communication skills, enhanced by teamwork.
FOSSIL FUELS AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF THEIR USE
Pollution and correlated effects: emission due to the human activities. Greenhouse effect, greenhouse gases, climate change, action for emission limitation.
Energy consumption in human activities, sustainable management of natural and environmental resources.
International policy and energy actions:
European policy and energy actions, italian policy and energy actions, regional policy and energy actions, local energy actions
Introduction to renewable energies. Definitions, classification and diffusion of renewable energy technologies. Principles and practices.
Assessment of solar energy availability, thermal power (solar collectors and high-temperature solar thermal power systems) and electric power technologies (photovoltaic ), environmental impacts
Solar thermal electric power
High-temperature Solar thermal power systems (concentrating solar power), Concentration of sunlight: parabolic trough collector, linear Fresnel collector, central receiver system with dish collector and central receiver system with distributed reflectors, concentrated solar thermal trough power plant with thermal storage, Solar Thermal Tower Power Plants, Dish-Stirling Systems. Examples in the word.
Collector types, flat plate and the evacuated tube solar thermal systems, heat pipe evacuated tube, solar thermal air collector. Types of absorber, selective surfaces, Efficiency, storage tanks. Environmental benefits.
Basic system principles, advantages, disadvantages, efficiency, thermal and electricity generation, desalination, applications in developing countries.
Photovoltaic effect, Photovoltaic (PV) materials: crystalline silicon, thin-film materials such as cadmium telluride, copper indium diselenide, and amorphous silicon.
Polymer. Devices convert sunlight into electrical energy, PV cells, technologies of cells combined into modules, modules assembled into PV arrays, components, stand alone and grid connected systems. Concentrated PV. The international and national programs.
Assessment of hydropower availability, overview of hydropower technologies.: impoundment, diversion, and pumped storage. Sizes of hydroelettric power plant. Types of hydro turbines: impulse and reaction.
Energy from the seaAssessment of tidal and wave power availability, Wave power, oceanic currents, deep currents, tidal currents, horizontal axis turbine, vertical axis turbine, oscillating hydrofoil, attenuator, point adsorber, oscillating water column, overtopping, thermal gradient, OTEC. Examples in the word.
Assessment of wind power availability, technologies for electricity generation, wind turbine, components of wind turbine, main parts to a wind turbine: the base, tower, nacelle, and blades., wind farms, onshore and offshore, Italian and European examples.
Assessment of available geothermal energy, technologies for thermal and electric power generation, geothermal power plants: dry steam, flash steam, and binary cycle, environmental impacts.Geothermal direct use by heat pump,
assessment of biomass availability, technologies for electric production. Combustion and gasification. Aerobic and anaerobic digestion processes. Biofuel, biopower
ENERGY CONSERVATION AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN BUILDINGS
City heat island effect and green roofs, passive solar buildings, Reduction in consumption of heat in building.
Methods for assessing learning outcomes:
Criteria for assessing learning outcomes:
In the oral examination, students must demonstrate that they have acquired knowledge of national and international energy scenarios, regulations and strategies to reduce the consumption of fossil fuels and reduce the resulting environmental impact. The student will learn about alternative sources of energy and technologies intended for their exploitation
Criteria for measuring learning outcomes:
Oral exam will be given at the end of course at scheduled time. At the end of the oral test is given the vote of thirty. It confirms the exam when the vote is greater than or equal to 18. It is expected to be awarded the highest marks (30 cum laude).
Criteria for conferring final mark:Being an integrated course the final vote is attributed jointly following the oral exam of the Environmental Sustainability module and the Energetic Resources and Alternative Energies module. Praise is given if the student demonstrates full mastery of the subject.
download pdf files from web pages teacher
handouts for specific topics